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Indonesia, Timor-Leste and Australia


The Portuguese invaded East Timor for its precious sandalwood.

Indeed, it was sandalwood that lured 15th century Chinese traders to the coasts of the Oecusse-Ambeno Kingdom, now the autonomous enclave of Oecusse in independent Timor-Leste, facilitating the country’s first entry to the international trade market. In 1436, the Chinese traveler Fei Hsin wrote of Timor that there were 12 ports or mercantile establishments, each under a chief, where commerce in sandalwood thrived.

Atoni people

The Atoni (also known as the Atoin Meto, Atoin Pah Meto or Dawan) people are an ethnic group on Timor, in Indonesian West Timor and the East Timorese enclave of Oecussi-Ambeno. They number around 844,030. Their language is Uab Meto. The Atoni live in villages consisting of 50 to 60 people, each village is surrounded with stone fence or shrubs, with fields and cattle cages on the periphery.


Opportunity for Communers to participate in community driven ecological conservation and restoration projects in Timor Island region.
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